ST. CLARE OF ASSISI, VIRGIN
Foundress of the Poor Clares
St. Clare of Assisi was the first woman to practice the life of entire poverty as taught by St. Francis.
Placed by him at the head of a few companions in the small convent of San Damiano, she governed her community for forty-two years thus founding at the gates of Assisi the Order of Poor Clares. Their Rule included austerities hitherto unknown in monasteries of women. They went barefoot, slept on the ground, kept perpetual abstinence and made poverty the basis of their lives.
The Breviary says of her: Following the example of St. Francis, she distributed all her possessions among the poor. She fled from the noise of the world and took herself to a country chapel, where St. Francis himself sheared off her hair and clothed her with a penitential garb at the age of eighteen on March 18, 1212. Then she resided at the Church of St. Damian, where the Lord provided for her a goodly number of companions. So she established a community of nuns and acted as their superior at the wish of St Francis. For forty-two years she directed the community with zeal and prudence, her own life serving as a constant sermon for her sisters to emulate. Of Pope Innocent IV she requested the privilege that she and her community live in absolute poverty. She was a most perfect follower of St. Francis of Assisi.
"When the Saracens were besieging Assisi and were preparing to attack the convent, St. Clare asked to be assisted as far as the entrance, for she was ill. In her hand she carried a vessel containing the blessed Eucharist as she prayed: "O Lord, do not deliver over to beasts the souls that praise You! Protect Your servants, for You have redeemed them by Your precious Blood." And in the midst of that prayer a voice was heard, saying: "Always will I protect you!" The Saracens took to flight."
At her time the Church generally and many Church men were enmeshed in financial matters and political maneuvering. Through the renewal of the ideal of poverty, St. Francis effected a "reform of Christian life in head and members."
In our twentieth century there still remain large areas with millions suffering under extreme poverty. Poverty in itself is no virtue; but it should be made into a virtue. Let us recall a few of the examples and texts from holy Scripture which show how precious poverty is and what deep reverence we should have toward it. Christ was poor. His entrance into the world and His departure from it took place in circumstances of greatest need. He had no house wherein to be born, no crib; no house wherein to die, no deathbed. Poverty stood watch at birth and remained to see His death. "The foxes have dens and the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of Man has nowhere to lay His head" (Matt. 3:20). At least we can be moderate and frugal, and thereby find the way to the spirit of Christian poverty.
Clare was the
first flower in the garden of the Poor Man of Assisi. Poor in earthly goods, but
rich in her utter poverty, she was a replica of Jesus, poor in the crib and on
the Cross. St. Clare died on August 11, 1253. Heroic in
suffering (she was sick for twenty-seven years), she was canonized only two
years after her death. Thomas of Celano coined the saying:
"Clara nomine, vita
clarior, clarissima moribus." St. Clare, help us.
Excerpted from The Church's Year of Grace, Pius Parsch.
Embroiderers; eye disease; eyes; gilders; goldsmiths; gold workers; good
weather; laundry workers; needle workers;
Santa Clara Indian Pueblo; telegraphs; telephones; television; television writers.
Chalice and host; tall cross; Monstrance; lily; ciborium.
Often Portrayed as: Woman with a monstrance in her hand; Nun holding a vessel containing the holy Eucharist.
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